• Medicinal Plant is indexed by CABI,AGRIS,CA and CAJ

    <正>Through the joint efforts of Editorial Department and multitudinous readers,Medicinal Plant eventually Passes the extremely strict appraisal,to be indexed by CAJ's full text Database.Since 2011,Medicinal Plant has

    2012年01期 v.3 2页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 227K]
  • Effect of Pioneer Plant Macleaya microcarpa on the Physicochemical Properties of Soil

    [Objective] To provide theoretical reference for land reclamation and ecological restoration. [Method] The pioneer plant Macleaya microcarpa community in the Huihe River Valley of Zhongtiao Mountain was investigated to study its impact on the physicochemical properties of soil. [Result]The nutrient accumulation of Macleaya microcarpa was higher than that of other plants and presented P >N >K trend. Macleaya microcarpa improved the physicochemical properties of soils at different depths to different extent,the improvement of water content,soil physical components,organic matter,pH,total N and available P was higher in surface soil ( 0 -20 cm) than in deep soil ( 20 -40 cm) ,while the improvement of available K was higher in the deep soil than in the surface soil. [Conclusion]The pioneer plant Macleaya microcarpa improved the physicochemical properties of soil such as soil water content,organic matter content,total N,available P and available K and so on,and increased the soil fertility,therefore provided basic conditions for the growth and restoration of other plant communities.

    2012年01期 v.3 1-4页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 174K]
  • Investigation of Medicinal Plants Resources in Guangdong Shimen National Forest Park

    Through field survey,specimen collection and identification,the resources of medicinal plants in Guangdong Shimen National Forest Park are investigated. Results show that,a total of 690 species of medicinal plants,belonging to 470 genera and 165 families,are found in Guangdong Shimen National Forest Park,among which there are 56 species of 9teridophytes in 40 genera and 26 families,6 species of gymnosperm in 5 genera and 5 families,and 628 species of angiosperm in 425 genera and 134 families. Due to their different medicinal parts,one plant could produce several types of medicines. Therefore,a total of 945 kinds of herbal medicines that are originated from the above medicinal plants described earlier are introduced in 17 categories according to their different therapeutic effects,among which the antipyretic and anti-rheumatic medicines accounted for a large proportion. Of them,those anti-tumor and rare medicinal plants are specially introduced. Finally,some suggestions are proposed for the protection and reasonable utilization of those medicinal plants resources.

    2012年01期 v.3 5-8页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 101K]
  • Study on the Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Sandy Cistanche deserticola Soil Moisture under the Drip Irrigation

    [Objective]To study the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of sandy Cistanche deserticola soil moisture under the same point source drip irrigation,so as to effectively improve the soil water use efficiency and Cistanche deserticola yield. [Method]Cistanche deserticola was inoculated into the 3-year-old Haloxylon ammodendron which grew on the sand land,and then drip irrigated at the same discharge rate for 12 h,the changes of the moisture content at the horizontal and vertical direction were detected,so as to research the difference of soil moisture at different depth in different irrigation areas under the same irrigation discharge rate,and the spatial distribution characteristics of moisture content at the sand under different irrigation conditions. [Result]The relative humidity in the surface soil was significantly influenced by rainwater and irrigation water,the change of soil relative humidity was large at 0 -20 cm layer and relative stable at 20 -80 cm layer,the water consumption depth under nonirrigation treatment was at 60 -80 cm layer. After 12 h irrigation,the soil moisture was redistributed,the relative soil moisture content above 60 cm was higher than before by 27.1% -58.8%; the soil moisture was horizontally concentrated at 0 -30 cm layer,the moisture distribution and content was favorable to the high-efficient utilization of waters by Haloxylon ammodendron root and the growth of Cistanche deserticola. [Conclusion]This study could provide certain theoretical basis for moisture compensation technique of artificial planting sandy Cistanche deserticola under the drip irrigation.

    2012年01期 v.3 9-12页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 191K]
  • Effects of Concentrated H_2 SO_4 and IBA on Breaking Dormancy and Germination Index of P. acinosa Seeds

    [Objective]To study the effects of concentrated H2SO4 and IBA on breaking dormancy and germination index of P. acinosa seeds,so as to provide theoretical evidence for breeding P. acinosa. [Method]After being soaked for 10,20,30 and 40 min in concentrated H2SO4,the germination percentage of P. acinosa seeds was respectively recorded. Then,the germination percentage,germination energy,germination index and vigor index of P. acinosa seeds that had been first soaked for some time in concentrated H2SO4 and then independently treated with 0,30,60,90 mg/L IBA were tested. [Result]The appropriate soaking time of concentrated H2SO4 and concentration of IBA were 20 min and 60 mg/L respectively,with which the germination percentage,germination potential,germination index and vigor index were 85%,62%,11.3 and 220.58 respectively. [Conclusion]It provides guiding significance for the germination of P. acinosa seeds and the breeding of P. acinosa,respectively.

    2012年01期 v.3 13-15页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 136K]
  • Investigation Report on Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham. Medicinal Plant Resources in China

    [Objective]To investigate the resources situation of Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham. in China in order to provide scientific foundation and reference for its sustainable use. [Method]The wild and cultivation resources of Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham. in China are respectively investigated using survey and quadrat survey methods. [Result]Compared with the third resource survey of Chinese medicine,the distribution area was reduced significantly in China except in Jiangxi Province,which has increased by 15.5%. From the current resources situation,the distribution area of Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham. in the original state,mild-excavation state,over-excavation state and surviving state is 876. 33,405.00,625.33 and 895.64 hm2,accounting for 31.3%,14.4%,22.3%,32.0% of the total,respectively. [Conclusion]The Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham. resources are reducing in China,and thus the protection of these resources needs to be strengthened,based on the through understanding on that.

    2012年01期 v.3 16-19+22页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 124K]
  • Impact of Different Concentrations of Plant Growth Regulator GGR7 on the Softwood Cuttings of Lycium barbarum L. No. 1

    [Objective]To optimize the softwood cutting technology of Lycium barbarum L. No.1,so as to provide supply support for local agricultural production. [Method]With the clear water as the control,the impact of different concentrations ( 50,100,150 and 200 mg/L) of GGR7 on the survival rate,average root number,average root length,average root diameter,average shoot number,average shoot length,root architecture and rootage position was studied. [Result]GGR7 could improve the rooting speed,survival rate and new shoot length while reduce the root diameter. And it also inhibited the rooting of cuttings,but with the increasing concentration of GGR7,the inhibition effects gradually disappeared. High concentrations( ≥150 mg/L) of GGR7 could promote the rooting of cuttings callus. GGR7 had little impact on the shoot number and root number of Lycium barbarum L. No.1. [Conclusion]The optimal concentration of GGR7 for Lycium barbarum L. No.1 was 150 mg/L.

    2012年01期 v.3 20-22页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 87K]
  • Comparison between the Cultivated and Wild RADIX SCUTELLARIAE in Ningxia,China

    [Objective]To study the pharmacognostic characteristics,microscopic characteristics,and the main content of flavonoids in cultivated and wild RADIX SCUTELLARIAE in Ningxia,China. [Method]From the aspect of morphology,the shape,size,color,texture,cross-section characteristics,and odor of herbs were compared,so as to find out the differences in pharmacognostic characteristics between cultivated and wild RADIX SCUTELLARIAE. Besides,from the cytological point of view,the histological structure,cell characteristics,cell ergastic substance and other microscopic characteristics of cultivated RADIX SCUTELLARIAE were studied and compared with the wild RADIX SCUTELLARIAE. RPHPLC method was used to detect the baicalin contents in cultivated and wild RADIX SCUTELLARIAE. [Result]The morphology and microscopic characteristics of cultivated RADIX SCUTELLARIAE in Ningxia had slight differences with those of wild RADIX SCUTELLARIAE,but basically accorded with the description in 2010 Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Baicalin contents in cultivated RADIX SCUTELLARIAE in three different cultivation bases were 16.90%,15.26% and 15.47%,which were all higher than the content of wild RADIX SCUTELLARIAE ( 9.84%) and exceeded the lowest limit in 2010 Chinese Pharmacopoeia ( 9.0%) . [Conclusion]The cultivated RADIX SCUTELLARIAE in Liupanshan of Ningxia met the quality requirements in 2010 Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Therefore,the standardized cultivation could be widely popularized,in order to realize the industrialized development and to relief the market demand for baicalin.

    2012年01期 v.3 23-24+28页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 146K]
  • Correlative Analysis on the Biomass and Effective Components Contents in Root Tuber of Wild Sichuan Ophiopogon japonicus from Santai County

    [Objective]To study the accumulation of photosynthetic products,the contents of effective components in different grades of root tubers of wild Sichuan Ophiopogon japonicus ( Thunb. ) Ker-Gawl. from Santai County,as well as the eigenvalues of accumulation and their correlative laws. [Method]Wild Sichuan O. japonicus were collected from the hilly region of its main producing areas; and its roots were graded. Then the contents of water extracts,polysaccharides and flavonoids were detected,respectively,by the method in Chinese Pharmacopoeia,phenol-sulfuric acid method and UV method. The correlative laws of root tuber biomass with the contents of water extracts x1,polysaccharides x2 and flavonoids x3 were analyzed. [Result]Both the sensory qualities and the water extracts content of O. japonicus root tubers met the requirements in Chinese Pharmacopoeia ( 2010 edition) ; the dry matter accumulation in the roots of wild plants showed an extremely significant positive correlation with water extracts,polysaccharides content and accumulation,and flavonoids accumulation( P <0. 001***) . However it was negatively correlated with the flavonoids content ( P <0.001***) . [Conclusion]The root tuber of wild Sichuan O. japonicus from Santai County had excellent quality and characters; research on this good germplasm resource provided scientific basis for the resources development and quality evaluation of wild Sichuan O. japonicus from Santai County.

    2012年01期 v.3 25-28页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 155K]
  • Effects of Different Water Temperatures on Seeds Germination of Clematis lasiandra Maxim

    [Objective]To discuss on the effects of different water temperatures on the seed germination indicators of Clematis lasiandra Maxim,in order to supply theoretical and practical basis for its reproduction. [Method]Seeds were soaked in constant-temperature incubator under 10,15 ( CK) ,20,25,35 and 45 ℃. Germination rate,germination index,germination energy and vigor index of C. lasiandra seeds were determined. [Result]The results showed that the appropriate temperature for C. lasiandra seeds was 20 ℃. The germination rate was 80.7%,germination index was 6.184,germination energy was 54.0%,and the vigor index was 9.442. [Conclusion]After soaking in water under 20 ℃,the germination indices of C. lasiandra seeds were the highest.

    2012年01期 v.3 29-30+34页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 103K]
  • Investigation on the Medicinal Fern Resources of Dryopteridaceae in Dashiwei Tiankeng Group

    [Objective]To investigate the medicinal fern resources of Dryopteridaceae in Dashiwei Tiankeng Group. [Method]Through field investigation,sample collection,data reference and sample identification,the medicinal fern resources of Dryopteridaceae in Dashiwei Tiankeng group were investigated,and their geographical distribution and medicinal value were introduced. [Result] Four genera of medicinal fern resources of Dryopteridaceae,which were Arachniodes Blume,Cyrtomium Presl,Dryopteris Adanson and Polystichum Roth,were found out in Dashiwei Tiankeng Group. Among the four genera,there were a total of 15 species: one species of Arachniodes Blume,which was Arachiodes assamica ( Kuhn) Ohwi; five species of Cyrtomium Presl,which were C. fortunei J. Sm,C. hookerianum ( Presl) C. Chr,C. caryotideum ( Wall. ex Hook. et Grev. ) Presl,C. balansae ( Chrit) C. Chr. and C. forunei J. Sm; five species of Dryopteris Adanson,which were Dryopteris fuscipes C. Chr, D. sieboldii ( van Hout. tEx M ett. ) O. Ktze. ,D. ryopteris varia ( L. ) O. Ktze,D. dickinsii ( Baker) C. Chr. and D. labordei ( Christ) Ching; four species of Polystichum Roth,which were Polystichum makinoi ( Tagawa) Tagawa,P. neolobatum Nakai,P. piceo-paleaceum Tagawa and P. m tsussimense ( Hook. ) J. Sm. According to their efficacy,those fern plants could be divided into several types,including the type of analgesia and clearing heat,the type of eliminating phlegm and relieving asthma,the type of detoxification and diuresis,the type of hemostasis,the type of dispelling parasites,the type of curing bone injury,the type of antivirus and antitumor,and the type of relieving convulsion,calming the liver,lowering blood pressure and relieving uneasiness. [Conclusion] The climatic and geographic conditions in Dashiwei Tiankeng Group were very suitable for the growth of fern plants,the fern resources were very rich and were important plant resources in west Guangxi Province,and the fern plant species in this area had high content of active components. Therefore,it was of great significance to protecting their biodiversity and realizing their sustainable utilization. The study provided references for the further research and analysis of medicinal and development values of Dryopteridaceae.

    2012年01期 v.3 31-34页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 111K]
  • AGRIS

    <正>AGRIS is the international information system for the agricultural sciences and technology. It was created by the Food andAgriculture Organization of the United Nations ( FAO) in 1974,to facilitate information exchange and to bring together world litera

    2012年01期 v.3 34页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 56K]
  • Study on the Antioxidative Activity of Polysaccharides from FRUCTUS MOR

    [Objective]To preliminarily study the antioxidative activity of polysaccharides from FRUCTUS MOR. [Method]Crude polysaccharides were extracted from FRUCTUS MOR with water and precipitated with ethanol. The scavenging activities to·OH,O2 -·,DPPH free radicals and inhibiting linoleic acid oxidation activity of polysaccharides from fresh FRUCTUS MOR were evaluated with juice and Trolox as comparisons. [Result] The content of polysaccharides in FRUCTUS MOR was 6.05%. The polysaccharides from FRUCTUS MOR presented scavenging activities to free radicals and inhibiting linoleic acid oxidation activity to a certain extent. [Conclusion]This study could provide reference basis for in-depth study on antioxidation and antiaging effects of polysaccharides from FRUCTUS MOR.

    2012年01期 v.3 35-37页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 144K]
  • Study on Anti-depressant Effect of Water Extract from Zhiqi Medicinal Fungal Substance

    [Objective]To explore the antidepressant effects of medicinal fungal substance which was produced from the engineering technology of " bidirectional solid fermentation" . [Method]Male ICR mice were randomly subdivided into five groups namely negative control group ( 0.9% normal saline) ,positive control group ( fluoxetine hydrochloride purchased from market) ,high dosage group ( 690. 0 mg/kg) ,middle dosage group ( 345. 0 mg/kg) and low dosage group ( 172.5 mg/kg) . The mice were given corresponding solution per day respectively. Fifteen days later,they were subjected to the open-field test ( OFT) ,tails suspension test ( TST) and forced swimming test ( FST ) ,evaluating the effects of solution extracted from Zhiqi medicinal fungal substance on mice behavior. [Result]The extracts of Zhiqi medicinal fungal substance significantly reduced the immobility duration of mice in TST and FST after exercised in positive control group and middle dosage group,while it had no effect on open field behavior of mice. [Conclusion]The solution extracted from Zhiqi medicinal fungal substance possesses definite antidepressant properties.

    2012年01期 v.3 38-39+46页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 89K]
  • Hypoglycemic Effects of Different Solvent Extracts from FRUCTUS PHYLLANTHI

    [Objective]To investigate the hypoglycemic effects of different solvent extracts from FRUCTUS PHYLLANTHI. [Method]After the water extraction,FRUCTUS PHYLLANTHI was concentrated into extracts; water was added in order to prepare the solution. Then,ethyl ether,ethyl acetate,and n-butanol were used to obtain the ethyl ether extracts,ethyl acetate extracts,n-butanol extracts,and water soluble extracts,respectively. Taking diabetic mice induced by STZ as the model,hypoglycemic effects of different solvent extracts from FRUCTUS PHYLLANTHI were studied with blood glucose,body weight,spleen index,and thymus index as the indices. [Result]Compared the DG with the four extracts groups,mice in Ph-B showed the most significant hypoglycemic effects,the reduction of mice body weight was restricted and the spleen index was enhanced. [Conclusion]Ethyl acetate extracts from FRUCTUS PHYLLANTHI could significantly reduce the hyperglycemia caused by STZ.

    2012年01期 v.3 40-42+49页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 150K]
  • Comparative Analysis on Chemical Components in Essential Oils from the Leaves and Fruit Peels of Fortunella margarita

    [Objective]To analyze the similarities and differences of chemical components in essential oils from the leaves and fruit peels of Fortunella margarita. [Method]The essential oils were extracted from the leaves and fruit peels of F. margarita by the steam distillation method,then analyzed by GC-MS,and at last comparatively analyzed. [Result]27 chemical components were identified from essential oils that were extracted from F. margarita leaves,occupying 91.37% of the total amount,while 34 were identified from essential oils that were extracted from F. margarita fruit peels,occupying 96.23% of the total amount. 13 components,including α-pinene,linalool,β-caryophyllene and so on,existed in both the leaves and fruit peels of F. margarita. [Conclusion]The main components from the leaves and fruit peels of F. margarita were different,while their same components had different content.

    2012年01期 v.3 43-46页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 183K]
  • Contents of Total Alkaloid in Three Formulations of Sini Decoction

    [Objective]To establish a method to determine the content of total alkaloids in three formulations ( the traditional decoction,the granule of classical prescription,and the granule of single herb) of Sini Decoction. [Method]Taking hypaconitine as the control,UV spectrophotometry was used for the determination. [Result]The content of total alkaloids was 16.76 mg in the traditional decoction,16.18 mg in the granule of classical prescription,and 19.32 mg in the granule of single herb. [Conclusion]The method was accurate,reliable,and could be used for the determination of total alkaloids in Sini decoction.

    2012年01期 v.3 47-49页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 90K]
  • First Identification and Isolation of Vanillic Acid from Tibetan Medicine Lespedeza davurica (Laxm.) Schindl.

    [Objective]To study the chemical constituents in the aerial parts of Lespedeza davurica ( Laxm. ) Schindl. [Method]The chemical constituents were extracted by solvent method,isolated and purified by various chromatographic methods,and spectroscopic methods such as NMR were adopted to identify their structures. [Result] A total of six compounds were isolated from the aerial parts of Lespedeza davurica ( Laxm. ) Schindl. ,including kaempferol ( I) ,quercetin ( II) ,kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside ( III) ,rutin ( IV) ,vanillic acid ( V) and β-sitosterol ( VI) . [Conclusion]Compound V ( vanillic acid) was isolated from this plant for the first time.

    2012年01期 v.3 50-51页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 144K]
  • RP-HPLC Determination on the Content of Chlorogenic Acid in FLOS LONICERAE JAPONICAE and FLOS LONICERAE from Different Producing Areas

    [Objective]To compare the differences in the content of chlorogenic acid between Shandong Pingyi,Henan Fengqiu FLOS LONICERAE JAPONICAE and Hunan Longhui,Chongqing Xiushan,Chongqing Wulong,Chongqing Jiangjin FLOS LONICERAE. [Method]The content of chlorogenic acid in FLOS LONICERAE JAPONICAE and FLOS LONICERAE from different producing areas was determined by RP-HPLC. The separation was performed on a chromatographic column Platisil ODS ( 250 mm ×4.6 mm,5 μm) with the detection wavelength at 326 nm. Following the injection of sample solution,an elution with acetonitrile-0.2% phosphoric acid as mobile phase ( V/V,17∶83) was initiated at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. [Result]The content of chlorogenic acid in Chongqing Xiushan,Chongqing Jiangjin,Chongqing Wulong and Hunan Longhui,FLOS LONICERAE was 9.03%,8. 62%,4. 51% and 3. 71% respectively,and that in Shandong Pingyi and Henan Fengqiu FLOS LONICERAE JAPONICAE was 4.08% and 3.79%. Of them,the content of chlorogenic acid was the highest in Chongqing Xiushan FLOS LONICERAE. [Conclusion]This method is reliable,stable and sensitive with high precision,strong resolving power and high recovery rate,and could be used for determining the content of chlorogenic acid in different producing areas of FLOS LONICERAE JAPONICAE and FLOS LONICERAE.

    2012年01期 v.3 52-53+57页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 148K]
  • Study on the Volatile Components of Disporum Cantoniense (Lour.) Merr. Radix & Rhizome from Different Producing Areas

    [Objective]To analyze and compare the volatile components of Disporum cantoniense ( Lour. ) Merr. radix & rhizome from different producing areas. [Method]The volatile components were extracted by organic solvent-steam distillation,and their content was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ( GC-MS) . [Result]68 and 40 volatile components were identified from D. cantoniense radix & rhizome that were produced in Anshun and Kaili,representing 99.01% and 98.96% of the total volatile oil. Of them,a total of 27 components were found in both Anshun and Kaili samples,but their content was different from each other. [Conclusion]There were certain differences in the kinds and content of chemical components in the Anshun and Kaili D. cantoniense radix & rhizome.

    2012年01期 v.3 54-57页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 202K]
  • Study on the Chemical Constituents of Volatile Oil from Different Parts of Embelia parviflora Wall. ex A. DC by GC-MS

    [Objective]To study the chemical constituents of volatile oil from different parts of Embelia parviflora Wall. ex A. DC. [Method]The volatile oil was respectively extracted from the root,stem and leaf of E. parviflora by steam distillation and then analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ( GC-MS) . The relative content of all isolated compounds was determined by area normalization. [Result]Eleven chemical constituents were identified from the root of E. parviflora,accounting for 77.67% of total volatile oil. Thirty six chemical constituents were identified from the stem,accounting for 92.88%of total volatile oil. Seventy four chemical constituents were identified from the leaves,accounting for 85.11% of total volatile oil. [Conclusion]The study result was accurate and reliable,which could provide scientific basis for the establishment of quality standard, further development and utilization of E. parviflora.

    2012年01期 v.3 58-61页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 181K]
  • CAS

    <正>CAS is a team of scientists,creating and delivering the most complete and effective digital information environment for scien-tific research and discovery. CAS provides pathways to published research in the world's journal and patent literature - virtually

    2012年01期 v.3 61页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 57K]
  • Component Analysis on Ethanol Extract of RHIZOMA ZINGIBERIS RECENS from Different Producing Areas and Assay of 6-Gingerol

    [Objective]To analyze the chemical components in ethanol extracts of RHIZOMA ZINGIBERIS RECENS from different producing areas and to assay the content of 6-gingerol. [Method]GC-MS analysis and HPLC method were respectively adopted to analyze the chemical components in ethanol extracts and assay the content of 6-gingerol. [Result]39,44,45,49 and 44 compounds were respectively identified from RHIZOMA ZINGIBERIS RECENS that was collected from 5 producing areas,mainly including gingerol ( accounted for 30% of total essential oils) ,shogaols,paradols and zingerone. Because of different producing areas,there were significant differences regarding chemical components and their relative contents in tested samples. 6-Gingerol presented a good linearity with peak area between the concentration of 0.024 8 and 0.124 mg/ml ( r = 0.996 6,n =5) . The average recovery was 99.20% with the RSD of 1.26%. [Conclusion]GC-MS was quick,simple,convenient and effective to analyze the composition of ethanol extracts. HPLC method was simple,reliable and reproducible to determine the content of 6-gingerol.

    2012年01期 v.3 62-65页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 125K]
  • First Isolation and Identification of β-Sitosterol and Kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside from RHIZOME CHINESE UMBRELLALEAF in Taibai Mountain

    [Objective]To study the chemical constituents of RHIZOME CHINESE UMBRELLALEAF in Taibai Mountain. [Method]The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by silica gel column chromatography,TLC and recrystallization. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectra analysis. [Result]Six chemical compounds were obtained and identified,which were β-sitosterol,podophyllotoxin,podophyllotoxone,kaempferol,diphyllin,kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside. Of them,β-sitosterol and kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside were isolated from this plant for the first time. [Conclusion]This method is simple,convenient,rapid and accurate to isolate and identify the chemical constituents from RHIZOME CHINESE UMBRELLALEAF in Taibai Mountain.

    2012年01期 v.3 66-67+71页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 94K]
  • Process Research of the Surfactant-assisted Extraction of Total Flavonoids from FOLIUM MORI

    [Objective]To study the technology condition of surfactant-assisted extraction of total flavonoids from FOLIUM MORI. [Method]Based on the results of single factor test,orthogonal test was used to optimize the extraction condition. [Result]The optimal extraction conditions were as follows: 1.5% Tween 80 solution,1∶40( g/ml) solid-liquid ratio,120 min extraction time,80 ℃ extraction temperature,and 2 extraction times. Under this condition,the average extraction rate of total flavonoids was 1.742%. [Conclusion]Surfactant-assisted extraction was a new and efficient extraction method,which could be used for the extraction of total flavonoids from FOLIUM MORI.

    2012年01期 v.3 68-71页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 227K]
  • Chemical Abstracts

    <正>Chemical Abstracts ( CA) ,a reputable international search tool,which involves the widest disciplinary field,collects the mostliterature types,offers the most searching ways,and has the most prodigious volumes,is edited and published by CAS-Chemical

    2012年01期 v.3 71页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 63K]
  • Study on the Extraction of Huperzine A from Huperzia serrata by Enzymatic Method

    [Objective]To screen the optimum extraction technology of huperzine A from Huperzia serrata by enzymatic method. [Method]Using cellulase to hydrolyze the cytoderm,orthogonal test was carried out to optimize the extraction technology of huperzine A from H. serrata by enzymatic method. [Result]The optimum extraction technology of huperzine A from H. serrata by enzymatic method was a combination of 0.125 g cellulase,4.5 pH,60 ℃ enzymolysis temperature and 2.5 h enzymolysis time,under which the extraction rate of huperzine A could reach 0. 589‰. Compared with the acidsoak method,the extraction rate of huperzine A by enzymatic method increased by 40.3%. Besides,enzymolysis temperature was the biggest influence factor to the extraction of huperzine A from H. serrata by enzymatic method. [Conclusion]This method was simple, convenient and efficient,which could be used for extracting huperzine A from H. serrata.

    2012年01期 v.3 72-74+78页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 244K]
  • Preparation and Content Determination of Compound Scrophulariae Troches

    [Objective]To prepare compound scrophulariae troches and determine the content of its main active constituents. [Method]Taking the taste,appearance characteristics and disintegrating time as index,the prescription and preparation process of troches with the extracts from the aerial parts of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl. as primary drug were confirmed through wet granulation tabletting method. Using the harpagoside as an index,HPLC method was adopted to establish a quality control standard for compound scrophulariae troches. [Result]The optimum prescription composed of 6.7% extracts from the aerial parts of S. ningpoensis,4% E. ulmoides leaf extract,36. 7% mixture of mannitol and sugar ( V/V, 1∶1) ,0. 95% menthol crystal and 0. 24% magnesium stearate. [Conclusion] In accordance with the selection of prescription and preparation, troches that conformed to the requirements were prepared,and the content of its main active ingredients were determined.

    2012年01期 v.3 75-78页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 216K]
  • Study on the Extraction Technology of Essential Oils from Glechoma longituba(Nakai) Kupr

    [Objective]To confirm the optimum extraction technology of essential oils from Glechoma longituba ( Nakai) Kupr on a pressure azeotropic distillation device. [Method]Taking the yield of essential oils as index,L9( 34) orthogonal test designed with 4 factors including soaking time ( A) ,solid-liquid ratio ( B) ,extraction time ( C) and NaCl concentration ( D) of each 3 levels was carried out to optimize the extraction technology of essential oils from G. longituba. [Result]The optimum technology for extracting essential oils from G. longituba was as follows: soaking time of 6 h,solid-liquid ratio of 1∶16 g/ml,extraction time of 4 h,and NaCl concentration of 0,under which the yield of essential oils could reach 0.03%. [Conclusion]The method is reliable,rapid and accurate,which could be used to extract essential oils from G. longituba.

    2012年01期 v.3 79-80页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 138K]
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