Medicinal Plant

2020, v.11(03) 51-54+59

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Optimization of Quality Control Method and Ethanol Extraction Process of Psoralen and Bergapten in Ficus pandurata
Optimization of Quality Control Method and Ethanol Extraction Process of Psoralen and Bergapten in Ficus pandurata

Weiwen PENG;Chang CHEN;Weibo DAI;Yangcun LU;Yingjing WANG;

摘要(Abstract):

[Objectives] To establish a qualitative identification and content determination method for psoralen and bergapten in the roots and leaves of Ficus pandurata, and the multi-indicator scoring method to optimize the ethanol extraction process for the effective parts of F. pandurata. [Methods] Qualitative identification was carried out by thin-layer chromatography(TLC) and content determination was made by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC); the content of psoralen and bergapten and extract yield were used as indicators, to investigate the effects of ethanol volume fraction, solid-to-liquid ratio, extraction time and extraction times on the ethanol extraction process of F. pandurata; multi-indicator scoring method was adopted, orthogonal test method was designed to optimize the extraction process, and verification test was performed. [Results] TLC chart of F. pandurata shows clear spots and good separation; the detected concentrations of psoralen and bergapten in the roots are in the range of 1.02-32.64 μg/mL and shows a good linear relationship with the peak area(r=0.999 7); these components have not been detected in the leaves, and the precision, RSD of stability and repeatability test is less than 2%; the average recovery rate was 99.8%-100.2%, and the RSD value is 1.12%-1.13%(n=6); the optimized extraction process is to use 50% ethanol as the extraction solvent, the solid-to-liquid ratio of 1∶10, reflux extraction of 3 times, and 1.5 h each time; the results of the three batches of verification tests show that the content of the two indicator components obtained is high, and the average value of the total amount is 0.34 mg/g(RSD=0.30%, n=3). [Conclusions] The established quality control method for F. pandurata is simple, easy, accurate and reproducible; the preferred extraction process is stable and feasible, suitable for the extraction and purification of coumarin effective parts in F. pandurata roots, so it is expected to provide references for further development of F. pandurata.

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基金项目(Foundation): Supported by Major Medical and Health Project of Science and Technology Plan of Zhongshan City,Guangdong Province(2017B1006);; Project of Traditional Chinese Medicine Bureau of Guangdong Province(20182168)

作者(Author): Weiwen PENG;Chang CHEN;Weibo DAI;Yangcun LU;Yingjing WANG;

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